“the mandalorian” from provided by rifti beats
During the times of slavery and even after the Civil War, the fear of a black uprising scared white America. In order to prevent this very event from occurring slave codes or otherwise known as “black codes” where created to enforce and prevent such uprising to begin. These laws predates Jim Crow laws and typically were more strict and highly enforced. So much so, that even those in 2020, these laws aren’t laws passed by the government, they have still be enforced by the law as well as society as a way to control blacks. There are alot of black codes to cover so, for the next couple of weeks, I’ll be discussing certain black codes and how it trickled down to today. First up, let’s talk gun control.
Since the creation of the United States, the marriage of firearms and Americans has been long standing and frustrating. In a conversation to this very day makes the conversation of gun control, one that many want to have it reformed or completely removed, while many fight behind the 2nd amendment.
Since the introduction of the black codes in 1865, the laws that decreed that blacks were NOT United States Citizens and were not entitled to the same level or rights that was outlined in the 2nd amendment came to fruition, and later solidified due to the Supreme Court ruling on Dred Scott. “It [citizenship] would give to persons of the negro race, who were recognized as citizens in any one State of the Union, the right to enter every other State whenever they pleased . . . and it would give them the full liberty of speech in public and in private upon all subjects upon which its own citizens might speak; to hold public meetings upon political affairs, and to keep and carry arms wherever they went”
Because of this, many state laws preventing blacks from owning guns had laws that required police and military approval such as:
Louisiana 1865- Blacks require police and employer approval to own guns, unless serving in military. Louisiana Statute of 1865 prohibited blacks, not in the military service, from
“carrying fire-arms, or any kind of weapons…without the special permission of his employers, approved and indorsed by the nearest and most convenient chief of patrol.”
Alabama 1866: Race-based total gun ban. Black Code of Alabama in January 1866 prohibited blacks to own or carry firearms or other deadly weapons and prohibited “any person to sell, give, or lend fire-arms or ammunition of any description whatever” to any black.
In Florida, for a black man to carry a weapon, they had the weapon confiscated and was punished by 40 whipping to the back in public.
In 1875, a early version of the Civil Rights act was passed, and even though it allowed blacks to own firearms, the black codes prevent blacks from owning new guns on the market and I Tennessee, they passed a Saturday Night Special law which which banned the sale of all handguns except the expensive “Army and Navy model handguns” which whites already owned or could afford to buy, and blacks could not.
In 1900’s, New York passed Sullivan’s Law which allowed the police to issue gun permits to anyone that they felt was allowed, but this created the problem as most that benefited from this law was white residents of New York.
in 1968, the Gun Control act was passed but as stated by
journalist Robert Sherrill who stated that the Gun Control Act of 1968 was “passed not to control guns but to control Blacks. This act would prohibit the sale of rifles and shotguns since both Martin Luther King and John F Kennedy her both killed by rifles, both weapons being unable to purchase by poor black communities.
In 1967, due to protests from the Black Panthers, armed with guns to protect black neighborhoods, Ronald Reagan passed the Mulford Act, aka the Panther’s Act which made it a felony to open carry weapons, an act that targeted the black Panthers and many African Americans.
Even in New York, where they had begun a terrible practice of stop and frisk was created to target blacks that might have had weapons. In 83% of the cases, it was found that the police only stopped people of color in these instances.
In Florida, they passed a law commonly known as “stand your ground” and was known from the George Zimmerman murder of Trayvon Martin. In May 2012, Marissa Alexander fired a warning shot to protect herself and kids from a abusive husband. They jury and courts determined even though she stood her ground and protected herself, they felt otherwise and sentenced her to 20 years in prison.